Diabetic Recipes

Millions of people around the world are infected by Diabetes. This includes Type I and Type II Diabetes. Before going any further, the primary difference between Type I and Type II, is that the former occurs prior to the age of sixteen, wherein the patient is insulin dependent. It is also known as Juvenile Diabetes. In the case of Type II, patients can keep their glucose levels under control with the help of oral medication.
This is usually seen in people post the age of forty and fifty, though a lot more younger people are infected by it. According to health care experts around the world the global number of diabetics has been escalating at tremendous speed over the last couple of years. And this is why a number of people have been working towards creating an awareness regarding this ailment.

There is actually nothing to fear about when infected. However, it is all a matter of maintaining the glucose levels under control by maintaining a proper prescribed diet regime, exercising regularly and taking the medication as required. The fact is that a disciplined life is what diabetics require.

While most consider sweet foods to be contributor to high glucose levels, one must understand that it is not the only cause. In fact, high stress levels also bring about diabetes and the related ailments. However, when one eats right then all the glucose in the food can get broken down. This is because the diabetic diet should generally be rich in fibers.

Most people resent the diabetic recipes, because bitter fruits and vegetables have always been recommended. And to worsen things, those with a sweet tooth have been refrained from anything that contains sugar, unless they go through a bout of hypoglycemia. But then, with the sugar supplements, one can enjoy a tasty dessert, as well as other artificially sweetened foods. Not only that, but with the variant low-cal, low-fat, low-cholesterol foods, there is so much choice.

Here are some easy to prepare diabetic recipes that taste good and are obviously healthy for almost anyone…

Oatmeal cookies

¼ cup all purpose flour
½ cup oats
Salt to taste
4 tablespoons vegetable oil
3 to 4 tablespoons ice water

In a large bowl mix the flour oats and salt together. Slowly add the oil while mixing with a fork. in a mixing bowl. Slowly drizzle in oil, mixing with a fork. Add the ice water, a few drops at a time; till the entire mixture forms a ball. Then roll out the crusty dough and cut into whatever cookie shapes you desire. Place the pieces in a baking dish. Pre heat the oven. Then bake for ten minutes, till the cookies turn light brown.

Tomato Baked

5 medium sized tomatoes
Spices and sauces as per one’s taste desires
½ teaspoon chopped parsley
Salt to taste
Black pepper
½ onion finely chopped
½ teaspoon of sage or chives

Place the washed tomatoes in the baking dish with a little water at the base. Then sprinkle the spices and sauces, along with the parsley, salt, pepper, onions and sage or chives. Bake for not more than 20 minutes, at moderate temperature.

Strawberry Cooler

1cup of chopped fresh strawberries
1 cup fresh lime juice
4 cups of water
Artificial sweetener, as per requirement
Ice cubes
Blend the strawberries and lime juice in a blender or food processor, till the mixture turns smooth. Pour the strawberry mixture into water and then add the sweetener as per requirement. Then pour the drink over ice cubes. Preferably use a tall glass.

Cheese Potato with Broccoli

3 baked potatoes
2 teaspoons margarine
2 teaspoons corn starch
½ cup skim milk
¼ teaspoon dry mustard
Grated cheddar cheese
Steamed broccoli

Bake the potatoes in the oven and steam the broccoli in salt water. Melt the margarine in a saucepan; add the cornstarch, milk and dry mustard. Then add the cheese and stir it till it melts. Add the steamed broccoli. In the serving dish mash the potatoes and over that pour the broccoli mixture.

Education in India

Education in India has a rich heritage that can be traced back to the ancient urban centres of Taxila and Nalanda. The Nalanda University was the oldest university in the world. Western education became an integral part of the Indian education system with the establishment of the British Raj in the country. The growth of the Indian economy in the last few years and the need to do well is forcing the Indian government to accelerate the process of developing various branches of the Indian education system.

The Vedas, Puranas, and Kautilya’s Arthasahtra are some of the highlights of the rich traditional knowledge system that India boasts of. There have been evidences of imparting formal education under the Gurukul system. Under the Gurukul system, young boys who were in their Brahmacharya stage of life had to stay at a guru’s home and complete their education. Though this system produced many geniuses it was hardly egalitarian. Women and men belonging to the lower castes lost the right to education as the caste system did not allow them to be educated. With the spread of Jainism and Buddhism there was some liberation in the castes but not completely. Later with the establishment of the British Raj in the 19th century education spread far and wide in the country.

After gaining independence in 1947, making education available to everyone became a priority for the Indian government. As discrimination on the basis of caste and gender was prevalent it became the government’s duty to ensure that all members of the society received education.

The present education system in the country mainly comprises of primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education. Elementary education consists of eight years of formal education. Each of secondary and senior secondary education consists of two years of education. Higher education in India starts after passing the Higher Secondary Certification (HSC). Depending on the stream, graduation in India can take anywhere between three to five years. Post graduate courses are generally of two to three years. Lately, there has been a boom in preschool education in India.

There are quite a few educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes of the world. The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), Indian Institutes of Science, National Law Schools and Jawaharlal Nehru University are some institutes that have an international standing. In fact, six Indian Institutes of Technology and the Birla Institute of Technology and Science – Pilani were listed among the top 20 science and technology schools in Asia by Asiaweek. The Indian School of Business situated in Hyderabad was ranked number 12 in global MBA rankings by the Financial Times of London in 2010 while the All India Institute of Medical Sciences has been recognized as a global leader in medical research and treatment.

With such good institutes imparting education in India we can be sure of the quality of education youngsters receive.

Geography of India

India, the 7th largest country in the world in terms of geographic area, has been a highly visible fixture on the world map since time immemorial, primarily due to its peninsular structure along the ridged coastlines of South Asia. The Indian subcontinent, as it is widely known, is based upon the foundation of the Indian Tectonic Plate, once part of the ancient Gondwanaland structure during the pre-historic ages.

India occupies a prominent position on the southern end of the Asian Peninsula flanked by water bodies on three sides. While the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal are located on the western and the eastern parts of the peninsula respectively, the Indian Ocean is positioned at the extreme south of the country. The northern part of the country is dotted with a slew of mountain ranges, the most important of which is the Himalayan Range extending from the northern frontier all the way to the north eastern regions. The country borders Pakistan along the north-western region, Nepal, China and Bhutan along the north-eastern region, Myanmar at the extreme east and Bangladesh along the interior eastern region.

The northern and central parts of the country are teeming with mountains, plateaus and highlands with the Thar Desert covering significant portions of the north-western region, confined to the state of Rajasthan. With the Vindhya Mountains virtually drawing the mid-section of the country across Madhya Pradesh, the Aravali range spanning across the entire Rajasthan and the Satpura mountains stretching from the interiors of Gujarat till the central bounds of Chattisgarh, this part of the country is home to a medley of dry, non-arable terrains littered with occasional instances of fertile valleys. Similarity in terrain can also be observed along the Western Ghats running across Maharashtra and Eastern Ghats demarcating the border of Orissa and Andhra Pradesh.

The North-Eastern region sheltered under the heights of the Himalayan range is witness to mountainous terrains culminating in peaks and extreme highlands. Sunderban Delta, formed at the confluence of the rivers Hoogly and Padma in West Bengal has one of the highest concentrations of mangroves in the world. The southern part of the country is mainly composed of valleys alongside important water bodies in the form of rivers like Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery.

The northern region plays host to the fertile Indo-Gangetic plains stretching along the path of the river Ganges, one of the most important rivers in this region. Other major rivers in the north and north-eastern regions include the Brahmaputra, Yamuna, Beas, Rabi, Sutlej, Gomti, Soan among others. The central part of the country has Narmada, Taapi, Mahanadi, Suvernrekha lined up meandering through multiple states before meeting either the Bay of the Bengal or the Arabian Sea. Vast patches of cultivable lands can be observed along the banks of these great water bodies aiding the development of agriculture in this region. In the states of South India, rivers like Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery have contributed immensely to cultivation and generation of hydro-electric power, very similar to what some of the biggest rivers in the northern and central parts of the country have done.

The entire Indian subcontinent is dependent on the monsoon, a type of seasonal rainfall experienced during the months of June – October, to meet the necessary water replenishment. Climatic condition in most part of the country is tropical in nature, with intense humidity along the coastlines and absolute aridity in the interiors of northern and central India. In the extreme north and the north-eastern regions, areas surrounded by the hilly exteriors of the Himalayas, severe chill supplemented by seasonal snow-falls can be expected.

Indian Agriculture

Agriculture in India dates back to the ancient times, when the early inhabitants of this land relied upon farming as the primary means of livelihood. In those days, vast stretches of cultivable land along the fertile plains of the great rivers like the Ganges had phenomenal yield corresponding to a variety of cereals like rice, wheat, maize among others. Farming in itself was aided by the skilful deployment of cattle along with a host of ingenious equipments made out of wood and metal. The farmers relied on seasonal rainfall as the chief of source of water for harvest. With the passage of time, newer sources of water like canal-based irrigation came into existence. 

The green revolution in the early 70s revolutionized the farming trends in a big way with the government having initiated several innovative schemes to improvise upon the standards of farming in the country. In the present day, India continues to depend on agriculture as one of the important sources of revenue generation, wherein the proportion of agricultural income forms a substantial part of the GDP of the country. While the production of rice, wheat, sugar, spices, coconuts, cashew, tobacco in India rank among that of the top countries, niche elements like fruits and vegetables are continuously making headway into this sector. Add to this, the huge population of cattle figuring among the top League of Nations in the world and we get a salient picture of how much of national importance has been attached to this ancient profession for long. 

When it comes to the harvest of various crops, Orissa in the east and the southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka lead the pack in rice production, while the northern region consisting of Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar is ahead in the production of wheat. UP has the highest share in sugarcane production, while Gujarat and Rajasthan excel in the production of Bajra and Jowar. An exclusive notation of Rabi is used to refer to the seasonal (winter) production of wheat, barley, potato, oat etc while the term Kharif is used to indicate the summer crops comprising rice, maize, jowar, and pulses among others. 

Technology has sneaked into this sector in a palpable way with the modern day farmers increasingly using advanced farming equipments like tractors, pesticide sprinklers, sprayers, power tillers, mowers etc. Farmers in Punjab and Haryana take centre-stage having implemented the best-of-breed farming techniques. The construction of dams and irrigation channels in the regions concerning Rajasthan has literally morphed parts of the arid desert into fertile valleys. 

We are a large cultivating country, where we have the largest number of farm labourers in the world. Unfortunately, they have been ignored since a long time now with corruption and bureaucracy having stripped them of the basic privileges of farming. The economic and social conditions of the farmers are shockingly severe, in terms of monetary benefits all they receive is peanuts, while the rest of the share goes to the retailers and distributors who adopt unscrupulous means to alter the MRPs of the food stock to garner profits. 

Reason why, why India is the place where grains, milk and other foodstuffs are mixed with artificial fibers and alienated foreign agents, exposing the lives of hundreds of people to sheer gastronomic disaster. Farmers are in the worst of conditions having been deprived of food and shelter; while the non-descript management in the administrative divisions of our governments, continues to play a hideous blame game invariably showcasing lack of responsibility and management.

Indian Economy

Being an Indian, a sense of pride overwhelms us when our country is acknowledged as one of the fastest growing economies in the world, perhaps just a pace behind China. This fact fills us with pleasant sentiments, yet inflation, steep price rise, uneven distribution of income and red tapes are discouraging characteristics of our economy. 

In terms of nominal GDP, Indian economy stands at the eleventh position in the world whereas by purchasing power parity (PPP), we are the fourth largest economy in the world. The stupendous growth of Indian service industry, triggered due to liberalization in 1990, takes all the credit for the north-bound growth of our nation’s economy. India is no more ‘a land of peasants’ where agriculture used to contribute as a dominant economic sector. Today, Indian services sector account for 55% of the country’s GDP. Industrial sector contributes 28% while agricultural sector contributes just 17% in the country’s GDP. 

Despite agriculture being the feeble contributor to Indian economy, it is the major occupation for Indian populace, with around 52% of the population engaged in agriculture. On the other hand, the service industry employs 34% of the population and 14% population is employed in the industrial sector of the country. 

Indian service sector is scaling upwards primarily due to the phenomenon success in information technology, software and information technology enabled services fields. The financial services like banking and insurance follows suit. Among major growth-driving industries in the country are chemicals, cement, food processing, mining, petroleum, steel, telecommunications, textiles and transportation equipment. Major agricultural produces in the country that add to the success pace are rice, wheat, cotton, oilseeds, pulses, jute, tea and sugarcane. 

People employed in the service sector are said to be enjoying the best quality of life due to thick salary packages while majority of the population employed in agriculture has a miserable life. In India, the per capita income is Rs. 43,260, which is ranked 139th in the world. And its per capita PPP is Rs. 1,23,480, which is ranked 128th in the world. After liberalization, the Indian economy has witnessed a tremendous growth. According to the figures of 2007, India’s contribution to the World Trade is no less than 1.5%. India’s total trade, including total exports and imports, which was around $450 billion, as per 2006 figures. 

The strong economic reforms, initiated in 1990, put the country on a fast-paced economic growth track, finally. Today, India is being seen as an emerging world economic power. The vast pool of talented human resources and a growing community of skilled professionals have been adding significantly to the nation’s growth. It has been predicted that India will get the status of one of the top economies of the world by the year 2020. There is no doubt about it though some stress also needs to be given on eliminating the economic disparity prevailing in the Indian society.

Indian Society

Indian society is multifaceted to a great extent. There have been no valid generalizations about the different groups that one can find in this diverse society. Indian society has a linguistic and ethnic diversity where different social, regional and economic groups with varied cultural and religious practices live under one roof. There are differences in the north and south India particularly in their social structures. The various religious groups that exist in India are Hindus, Parsis, Jains, Sikhs, Jews, Buddhists and Christians.

Wealth and power are not equally enjoyed by all the groups and there exist socio-economic status differences among the people of India. Rural areas still have a large population of poor and downtrodden people whereas the rich mostly live in urban cities. People in cities generally lead a prosperous and well-fed life as compared to the ones living in rural areas. Every part of India has to bear class differences. There are immense distinctions prevailing in the rural and urban areas. Almost 74% of the total Indian population reside in villages and are forced to support their livelihood with agriculture which is their primary activity. Lifestyles at both the ends are entirely different.

The next thing that predominates our society is gender difference i.e. distinction between men and women. Be it villages or city, both the genders are treated in a different manner and the society is mostly male dominated. In such a case, men enjoy more power and excel in every field as compared to women. Though the scenario is changing nowadays, this change is at a very slow pace. Even though society is surrounded by all these differences of religion, gender, urbanity, status, wealth, language and region, yet people of varying castes and creed stay together in peace. There are many castes and caste-like groups which Indian people belong to. The members of the castes have to marry a girl belonging to their own caste and have to follow certain guidelines for instance ways of worship, ritual activities, diet, clothing etc.

One can also find appealing and fascinating varied textile heritage in the Indian society. Each region enjoys wearing its own unique traditional attire. Indian clothes are very graceful and are full of attractive colours. High society market has been attracted to the rich traditional Indian costumes made of expensive silk. The ancient-styled clothes made of gold threads are still in use in various parts of the country. Though changes in costume designing have dramatically taken place yet rich Indian traditions have been maintained in costumes.

As the Indian society is vastly diverse, a common observation cannot be applied to each and every Indian. There still exist diverse principles of life, accepted widely in the Indian society.

Fashion and Clothing of India

Today fashion has penetrated every level of class in the country. Fashion in India has a rich, vibrant and varied heritage, with each area having its own traditional attire and style. While traditional clothes are still worn in rural India, urban India has been changing its fashion trends lately. International fashion trends have a huge influence in the clothes worn by youngsters in urban India.
Readymade garments is a flourishing industry with international events such as the India Fashion Week where celebrated designers showcase their works for the upcoming season. The victory of a number of Indian beauty queens in international beauty pagents, such as the Miss World and Miss Universe has also promoted fashion in India. Fashion designers such as Ritu Kumar, Ritu Beri, Rohit Bal, Rina Dhaka, Satya Paul, Tarun Tahiliani, and Manish Malhotra are some of the well known fashion designers from India.

Fashion designing covers a wide range of clothing from heavy clothes designed for weddings to prêt lines, sportswear and casual wear. Traditional Indian techniques of embroidery such as chikhan, kantha work and zardosi have been used, improvised and experimented with on numerous fabrics for ages by Indian designers to create Indo-western clothing which is often sought after in the urban market.

Traditional costumes in India vary widely depending on the climate and the fabrics found in a region. In Jammu and Kashmir, natives wear a thick loose shirt called a phiran to keep their bodies warm. In the tropical warmth of South India men wear a sarong like garment called the mundu, while women gracefully drape six meters of cloth around their bodies which is called a saree. Sarees are woven in silk, cotton or artificial fibres. Kanjivaram, Mysore, Paithani, Pochampalli, Jamdani, Balucheri, Benarasi, Sambalpuri, Bandhini are some popular varieties of beautiful sarees from different regions of India.
In the warm regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat men generally wrap and twist a length of cloth in the form of a dhoti around their lower body and team it up with a shirt-like kurta. Colorful turbans go with this traditional kurta, dhoti attire. People from the north-eastern regions especially the tribal communities like the Khasis, Nagas, Mizos, Manipuris and Arunachalis wear colorful woven sarong-like clothes with woven shawls that represent the unique identity of each tribal group.

In urban India variations of the salwar kameez are commonly worn by women and the saree is worn on formal occasions and festivals. Men generally wear kurtas and pyjamas or sherwanis for festive occasions. Western wear such as shirts and trousers are commonly worn by men and women across India. Casual wear includes jeans,T-shirts, capris and bermudas.
Despite urban India being so vibrant and popular most Indians acknowledge that it is the traditional Indian fashion and clothing is superior.

Population in India

India has got remarkably diverse demographics with around 1.18 billion people. The country has more than one-sixth of the population of the entire world. India is the second largest country in terms of population, after China. With about 17.3% of world’s population, it is presumed that soon the country will surpass China. Population experts have estimated that by 2025, India will be ahead of China in terms of population. 

In India, one can encounter with two thousand ethnic groups, different kinds of religion practiced by people and four different types of languages like Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, Indo-European and Austro-Asiatic languages. Population of different ethnic and religious greatly varies depending on the parameters like education and income. There exists a great difference in income and education levels amongst various groups forming the Indian population. 

The land area required to support around 17.3% of the population of the world is just 2.4% of the world’s land. The primary activities in which the largest part of Indian population is engaged are the agriculture, as majority of the population reside in villages. In a recent survey, it was revealed that around 72.2% Indians reside in 638,000 villages, 27.8% in 5100 towns urban agglomerations. The majority of the world’s Sikhs, Jains and Zoroastrians are found in India. Muslim population in India is the third highest in the world. Indian states highly vary in the composition of religion based population. The states of Mizoram, Nagaland and Meghalaya have majority of Christians; majority Sikhs live in Punjab while Muslims dominate Lakshadweep and Jammu & Kashmir. 

India is a multi-linguistic society where people speak many languages and all are accepted by the society at large. Among the Hindus, 43% speak Hindi while others speak Gujarati, Assamese, Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil, Marathi, Telugu, Bangla and other languages. Among the Muslims, around 45% speak Urdu. Among Christians, one-sixth of them speak Tamil, one-third of them speak Malayalam, while English is universally known. In India, there are total 1652 dialects and languages that are spoken. 

The population in India is growing rapidly. With few efforts to control it our country is heading towards poverty and depleting the local resources. The continuity in the world population will greatly impact the environment and result in production of wastes and immense pressure on the arable land. Pollution level will also increase if the population is more thereby resulting in diseases like respiratory diseases, tuberculosis, meningitis etc. Overcrowding, inadequate housing, lack of opportunities to get gainful employment and ecological stresses will all lead to the problems associated with population rise.

Indian Families

Strong family ties and social interdependence have always been the essence of Indian families. Most Indians take pride and nurture their family life to a great extent. However the recent socio-political and economic changes have had a huge impact on individuals and families. The Indian joint family system that was prevalent a few years back has lost its hold. Though most families have a nuclear set up most educated and modern families have still maintained the intrinsic values of family life in India.

Family ties are important to Indians. Arranged marriages within the caste system are still prevalent all over the country. The traditional role of a man to support the family financially and the conventional role of a woman to look after the house can be seen in rural landscape. Working women which are now a norm in urban India are expected to fulfill domestic responsibilities and pitch in financially if they can.

An Indian family generally consists of a man, his wife, their children, the husband’s parents and unmarried sisters, if any. The man mostly makes his parents live with him and looks after them. The family system is given a lot of importance in the country and has worked more often than not. Till date most Indian marriages are arranged and held within the community. Generally, the parents of the prospective spouses get together either through a common relative or through a matchmaker. Most Indians get together with their family and celebrate Indian festivals like diwali, holi, navratri with great enthusiasm and joy.

Most Indian families are conservative and prefer sons over their daughters. They believe that sons will earn money for the family and support their parents when they grow old. Despite this belief Indian family life has its own merits. Within a family there is emotional security and co-operation that makes life a lot simpler.

However, the downside of having a strong family life is that individual freedom gets restrained. Most couples feel that with parents living with them they have very little privacy and space. With economic independence and the trend of aping the West the Indian family is being exposed to fast paced lifestyles that are taxing and breaking the social institution of joint family. Indian families and their mental set up are unprepared to confront the competitive and challenging world of today. Most young Indians face a dilemma when exposed to a new pattern of living and a different set of values in comparison with those which they have seen and witnessed all these years.

The rigid Indian family system is imbibed in the culture of India and though changes are taking place, they are happening at a slow pace. It will require many decades for Indians to change their living patterns.