India aids its people by providing a universal healthcare system which is carried out by its constituent territories and states. The basic duties of the state as asked by the constitution are to raise people’s standard of living along with the level of nutrition and improve the public health. The hospitals run by the state offer poor services because the government sector is underfinanced and does not have enough staff to meet the needs. Due to this reason people are forced to visit private doctors. Many of the Government hospitals in India provide necessary treatment at the expense of the people who pay taxes. Services are offered almost free of cost or at a minimal expense. Important drugs are provided for free in such hospitals. The cost of hospital treatment usually depends on the patient’s financial position and the number of facilities he avails. However, Government hospitals charge less as compared to the private ones.
Rural primary health centres along with the city and district hospitals provide primary healthcare to the people and treatment is also offered free of charge. The primary care includes common illness, postnatal care, child birth, immunization, pregnancy and prevention of malnutrition. If these hospitals fail to cure the illness of the patient due to its complicated nature or if they require specialized care, they are referred to the secondary or tertiary hospitals. The problems of disease and high degree of malnutrition are still encountered in the rural areas. People living in rural areas fail to receive safe drinking water and proper sanitation. The healthcare system is now improving and there are areas in the system that has been successful in meeting or exceeding the international quality standards. There has been a growth in the business of medical tourism and India has become a popular place where tourists from worldwide come to get medical facilities at cheaper costs as compared to those in the developed countries.
There are diseases in India like tuberculosis and malaria along with polio which have yet not been removed from the country. Pollution and unsafe drinking water are reasons behind the major healthcare problems that people have to face. With the changes in lifestyle, there is a steep rise in the diabetes and cardiovascular illness. In India, half of the children are underweight and around 5.6 million children die every year due to unhygienic conditions. The toilet facilities in India are not proper and unhygienic which is a cause for many health risks. Cities in India do not get adequate water supply and water contamination is a major hiccup in the country. Rural sector and small towns have no adequate supply of potable water. These conditions give rise to water borne diseases. A lot has to be done to improve the conditions of the country, especially in terms of healthcare.